عنوان مقاله [English]
The identity of life in cities and its physical elements such as housing are of paramount importance. Housing is the smallest form of physical embodiment of human-environment interactions and spatial crystallization is a vital function of human habitation. Housing is considered to be a physical place and a primary shelter for family members.This shelter fulfills some of the basic needs of individuals or the household, such as sleeping, resting, protection from inclement weather, etc. . . . A proper housing or shelter is not limited to the physical structure of a house.
Developing and proliferating Iranian-Islamic housing demand choosing a city or an urban district as a model, so that other districts be persuaded to follow. In this research, a district was chosen as a model from thirteen districts of Mashhad City. This was done based on the closeness of the elements of the district to the specified elements. Other districts, then, were compared with the model. Eliciting Iranian-Islamic housing elements, eleven indices were determined: identity, modulation, purposefulness, avoidance of arrogance, maintenance of hierarchy, having a central courtyard, introversion, security, modesty, density, and area. Using a Likert scale and Expert Choice software, weighting and evaluating were done. Afterwards, the numerical data were entered into GIS and analyzed. The results showed that various districts of Mashhad City, which is known as the spiritual capital of Iran, have not been formed in accordance with the Iranian-Islamic housing elements. The results also indicated that only municipality district number 8 has half of the research elements and the highest degree of conformity with the research indices. Having the highest value of 2.44 among all districts, this district was acceptable in terms of having Iranian-Islamic housing elements.