عنوان مقاله [English]
Abrupt increase in fossil fuel consumption and atmospheric emissions is one of the major threats to the climate, creating the global warming or rising temperature on the Earth's surface. This article is on the issue the effect of global warming on the climatic conditions in Abadan such as temperature, precipitation and humidity. Based on the findings, the daily minimum temperature in all the months and the daily maximum temperature rise in the warm months of the year is meaningful at the confidence level of 95%. The results point to a reduction of the relative humidity and an increase in the intensity of rainfalls in the region, leading to more arid climatic conditions in the future decades in Abadan. Based on the outputs of the climatic model MAGICC-SCENGEN, a temperature rise of about 2.5 Co in the cold season at the end of the 21st century will occur, and the city will experience warmer weather than its moderate winters now, but this temperature increase will be stronger in warm seasons. Thus, water requirement will increase due to the evapotranspiration rise. Also, the predictions of the MAGICC-SCENGEN climatic model for the coming decades are relatively similar to and go well with the changes in temperature and precipitation indices in the region in recent decades. In total of more than a half century on the regional climate change represents the ratio of 1980 and the driest region in the wake of rising temperatures and increased evapotranspiration in the region.