تحلیل رضایت‌مندی روستاییان از طرح ملی 46 هزار هکتاری آبیاری به اراضی کشاورزی دشت سیستان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکاه سیستان وبلوچستان- دانشکده جغرافیا وبرنامه ریزی محیطی، گروه برنامه ریزی روستایی

2 دانشیار گروه برنامه ریزی روستایی دانشگاه سیستان وبلوچستان،زاهدان،ایران.

3 دانشیار دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

چکیده

با عنایت به قرارگیری منشأ جریان‌های ورودی آب به سیستان در کشور افغانستان، کمبود آب یکی از عوامل اصلی محدودکننده توسعه فعالیت‌های کشاورزی در این منطقه بشمار می‌رود. در این راستا طرح آبیاری 46 هزار هکتار از اراضی کشاورزی سیستان به منظور انتقال سیلاب‌های جاری از کشور افغانستان به گودال‌های طبیعی معروف به مخازن چاه‌نیمه‌ها و امکان بهره‌برداری مناسب از سیلاب‌های مذکور برای توسعه‌ی کشاورزی و پایداری منطقه مورد تصویب و اجرا قرار گرفت. در این پژوهش تلاش شده است تا ضمن تحلیل رضایت‌مندی روستاییان از طرح آب‌رسانی با لوله از مخازن چاه نیمه‌ها به اراضی کشاورزی، میزان رضایت روستاییان در ارتباط با شاخص‌های فنی-اجرایی و اجتماعی پروژه ملی 46 هزار هکتاری انتقال آب به اراضی کشاورزی دشت سیستان، مورد کنکاش قرار گیرد. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها، از نرم‌افزارهای Entropy Shannon Solve ، Bt WasPas Solver ، GIS و نیز از آزمون‌های Tو رگرسیون خطی در نرم‌افزار SPSS برای تحلیل‌های آماری استفاده‌شده است. نتایج سطح‌بندی روستاها بر اساس مدل WasPas نشان می‌دهد 35 درصد روستاها دارای رضایت‌مندی کم، 45 درصد متوسط و 20 درصد روستاها از اجرای طرح رضایت‌مندی زیاد دارند. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان می دهد مؤلفه‌های سرقت و کیفیت سازه به ترتیب با میزان 319/0 و 251/0 بیشترین تأثیر و مؤلفه‌های هوشمند سازی و رعایت الزامات فنی و طراحی خطوط و جانمایی حوضچه‌ها به ترتیب با میزان 155/0 و 157/0 کمترین تأثیر خالص را بر رضایت-مندی روستاییان از اجرای طرح 46 هزار هکتاری آبیاری به اراضی کشاورزی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of villagers' satisfaction with the 46,000-hectare national irrigation plan To agricultural lands of Sistan plain

نویسندگان [English]

  • mahdi naderianfar 1
  • Sirous ghanbari 2
  • javad bazrafshan 3
1 Department of Geography, University of University of Sistan and Baluchestan
2 Assistant Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, University of Sistan and Baluchestan,Zahedan,Iran.
3 Department of Geography, University of University of Sistan and Baluchestan
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Given the source of water inflows to Sistan in Afghanistan, water scarcity is one of the main factors limiting the development of agricultural activities in the region. Recent droughts have led to the drying up of vital arteries and the destruction of productive bases in the region. In this regard, the irrigation project of 46,000 hectares of agricultural land in Sistan in order to transfer current floods from Afghanistan to natural pits known Chah-nime and the possibility of proper use of these floods for development Agriculture and sustainability of the region were approved and implemented. Therefore, in this study, while analyzing the satisfaction of villagers with the project of piped water supply from wells to agricultural lands, the level of satisfaction of villagers in relation to the technical-executive and social indicators of the national project of 46,000 hectares of water transfer The agricultural lands of Sistan plain should be explored. The results of village leveling based on the WasPas model show that 35% of villages have low satisfaction, 45% moderate and 20% of villages have high satisfaction with the implementation of the plan. The situation of the movement of villagers' satisfaction in the area in terms of space is such that the satisfaction of the villages increases from east to west and south. In other words, the residents of the villages located near the Hamoun International Dry Wetland are more satisfied with the implementation of the water supply pipeline project. Based on other research findings, the components of theft and structural quality with the amount of 0.319 and 0.251, respectively, the most impact and the components of intelligence and compliance with technical requirements and design of lines and location of ponds with the amount of 0.155 and 0.157, respectivelyhas the least net effect on villagers' satisfaction with the implementation of the 46,000-hectare irrigation project on agricultural lands.

introduction
Progress of transportation and distribution of August to Shah Nima ‌ha stores, 46 hectares of hazar, lands of Kashawarzi Rostahai Seistan Ba Bahrah-Giri az Samanhai Nowin Abyari Ba Hadakther Randman Pa dr 766 Rusta Agra Gardeh Est. An important question, such as a measure, a question, a question of expansion, a counterpart of the system, a new system, a bid, a resource, a view of the program, a decision, a decision, where is the origin of the question, a question of expansion, a question, an argument, a question, what is the meaning of a person's opinion? There is a need for an advocacy of a useful reality. Benabrine Dharwart Dard, it is a question of what kind of system is it and what is the weight of Rezait Bahra-Baradaran, it is confirmed and denied. The study of the factors affecting the satisfaction of the people, such as Shawarzan, the system, the apiary system, the wages, the wages and the regulation of the policy, the state, the link between the apiary and the important cars, and there is an existing situation analysis. Reality chirp effect.

Methodology
Bray Sangesh, Mezan Rezait, on the surface of Rostaha, Nez, Pa Rosh, structure (WASPAS)) with the title of "Yeki Is Roshhai Design-Giri Chand", standard rank-Bandi and Space-Layer-Band-B-Dast-Amed. It's a parameter, it's a measure of the election, a design, a design, a criterion, a standard, the direction of the decision, a scale, the accuracy, where is the meaning of it, a meaning. According to the determination of the scale of Rezait ‌ Mandi Rostayan as a subtraction on the basis of the WASPAS model, the rosthai murdbarsi according to the calculations of the calculations, the severity of which are different, deconstructed and engraved by the decomposition of the surface of the Rezait ‌ Mandi, the deconstruction. There is a deer, an analysis, an investigation, an analysis, an analysis, an analysis, an analysis, an analysis, an analysis, a report, a linear regression, a linear analysis, an explanation of the scale of the effects of influential factors, and the determination of the arrow of the factors that are used by the SPSS.
Discussion and Results
The rank of Bendi Rostahai, we have mentioned it in the light of Rezatamandi, when the people of Nashaan Midhad keh 14 Rosta (35 squares) square kilometers, 18 Rosta (45 squares), Rezatamandi, average, and 8 residents of Razatamandi (20 squares) because of Rezatamandi Ziyad Tarh-e-Agra. There is a link between 40 Rostay Namouna with the rank of Rezatimandi, Rostahai Zulfiqari and Gezmoum of the first rank of Dom and Ghareeb Rosatay, and the castle of Ganj Dar rank of 39 and 40 Qaragarraftand (Table 6). Hamchanin as two metres, the surface of Rezait, the mandi, in the urban areas, Hamon 1, Hamon 4, and Palatrine, the surface of Rezait, the mandi, in the urban areas, Hamon, 2 min.
Conclusion
Present objective of investigation, Mezan Rezait ‌ Mandi Rostayan der Agray proposal for transfer of August to Dasht Sistan lands as a destination to achieve where goal, information obtained from Prashnama Hai Khanwar and Rosta and Bergah, field observations, determination of various dimensions. There is a present investigation, a quest, a quest, with a Ruyakdi Jameh, and a choice of Chaharchobi, a perfect fit for the surface of its khusta and the expectations of the two residents of Rustay Posh and Mawrid Arziabi, the decision of Gird. The results of the quotient of entropy measure Shannon Neshan Dad, composed by the lines of lines and Janmayi Hodsheha, with a weight of 175/0, Daray Peshtrin, the effect of services, and a copy of services, and a piece of service, with a weight of 014/0 km, the effect of Dar Rezait ‌Mandi, as a subtraction of Dara Mibashand. The results of the results of the analysis of the WasPas average, with a relationship to Ba-Rezait, Mandi Rostayan, as a subtraction of a Rostahai, a supplier, a study of a supporter of the consumption of 35 km, 45 km of average satisfaction, and 20 studies of an average satisfaction, 20 studies of a satisfaction,

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Satisfaction
  • 46
  • 000 hectare plan
  • Agriculture
  • Sistan plain