بررسی مؤلفه‌های کالبدی – محیطی تأثیرگذار بر امنیت گردشگران در بافت‌های ‌تاریخی ‌شهریزد

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی‌شهری، دانشگاه پیام‌نور، تهران – ایران

2 دانشیار جغرافیا وبرنامه ریزی شهری دانشگاه پیام نور تهران ایران

3 استادیار، جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی‌شهری، دانشگاه پیام‌نور، تهران – ایران

4 استادیار، جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی‌شهری، دانشگاه تهران، تهران – ایران

5 دانشجوی کارشناسی‌ارشد، آمایش‌شهری دانشگاه‌پیام‌نور، تهران – ایران. ایران

چکیده

احساس امنیت‌گردشگران در فضاهای‌تاریخی شهر امری انکارناپذیر است، لذا امنیت از اثرگذارترین شاخص‌های جذب‌گردشگردراین گونه فضاهای شهری محسوب می‌شود. در میان عوامل تأثیرگذار برامنیت‌گردشگران، مؤلفه‌های کالبدی بافت‌تاریخی‌شهر دارای اهمیت ویژه‌ای است که کمتر به آن توجه شده است بنابراین هدف این پژوهش بررسی مؤلفه‌های تأثیرگذار بر امنیت در دربافتهای تاریخی در شهر یزد است. این شهر با داشتن جاذبه‌های گردشگری‌تاریخی هر ساله تعدادزیادی از گردشگران را جذب می‌کند. پژوهش حاضر از لحاظ هدف‌کاربردی و از لحاظ ماهیت و روش – توصیفی، تحلیلی با استفاده از ابزار پرسشنامه است. جامعه‌آماری پژوهش را کلیه گردشگران تشکیل می‌دهد که تعداد حجم نمونه با استفاده از روش دسترسی 189 نفر محاسبه شد. روایی سؤالات پرسشنامه توسط اساتید و متخصصان حوزه گردشگری‌شهری تأیید شد و پایایی آن نیز با استفاده از آزمون آلفای کرونباخ رقم 748/0 محاسبه شد. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌های حاصل از مطالعات پیمایشی از نرم فزار SPSS استفاده شد. براساس نتایج پژوهش همه مؤلفه‌های کالبدی (کیفیت معابر، مبلمان و پوشش گیاهی، فرم و خوانایی بافت، تنوع کاربری و کالبدی) بر احساس امنیت گردشگران تأثیرگذار هستند. محاسبات نشان داد که متغیرهای فرم و خوانایی بافت با 328/0 Beta=و تنوع کالبدی و کاربری نسبت به سایر متغیرها پیش‌بینی کننده‌قوی‌تر هستند. کاربرد پژوهش آن است که یافته های آن میتواند افق گسترده ای را فراروی برنامه ریزان برای جذب‌گردشگران ارایه دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the influential components on the security of tourists in the historical context of the yazd city

نویسندگان [English]

  • ESMAEL NASIRI HENDEH KHALEH 1
  • Hasan Hekmatnia 2
  • eshak jalalian 3
  • mansor rezaali 4
  • fahimeh jamali 5
1 memberAssociate Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Associate Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, tehran University, Tehran, Iran
5 Master of Urban Planning, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The feeling of security of tourists in the historical spaces of the city is undeniable, so security is one of the most effective indicators of attracting tourists in such urban spaces. Among the factors influencing the safety of tourists, the physical components of the city's historical fabric are of particular importance that have received less attention. Therefore, attention to the physical structure in such spaces can greatly affect the sense of security and attraction of tourists, so the purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting security in historical contexts in Yazd. With its historical tourist attractions, the city attracts a large number of tourists every year. The present study is analytical in terms of practical purpose and in terms of nature and method - descriptive using questionnaire tools. The statistical population of the study consists of all tourists, the number of sample size was calculated using the access method of 384 people. The validity of the questionnaire questions was confirmed by professors and experts in the field of urban tourism, and its reliability was calculated using Cronbach's alpha test of 0.748. SPSS software was used to analyze the data from survey studies. According to the research results, all physical components (quality of passages, furniture and vegetation, texture and readability of texture, user and physical diversity) affect the security of tourists. Calculations showed that the variables of texture and readability of the texture with 0.328 Beta = and physical and user diversity are stronger predictors than other variables.The feeling of security of tourists in the historical spaces of the city is undeniable, so security is one of the most effective indicators of attracting tourists in such urban spaces. Among the factors influencing the safety of tourists, the physical components of the city's historical fabric are of particular importance that have received less attention. Therefore, attention to the physical structure in such spaces can greatly affect the sense of security and attraction of tourists, so the purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting security in historical contexts in Yazd. With its historical tourist attractions, the city attracts a large number of tourists every year. The present study is analytical in terms of practical purpose and in terms of nature and method - descriptive using questionnaire tools. The statistical population of the study consists of all tourists, the number of sample size was calculated using the access method of 384 people. The validity of the questionnaire questions was confirmed by professors and experts in the field of urban tourism, and its reliability was calculated using Cronbach's alpha test of 0.748. SPSS software was used to analyze the data from survey studies. According to the research results, all physical components (quality of passages, furniture and vegetation, texture and readability of texture, user and physical diversity) affect the security of tourists. Calculations showed that the variables of texture and readability of the texture with 0.328 Beta = and physical and user diversity are stronger predictors than other variables.The feeling of security of tourists in the historical spaces of the city is undeniable, so security is one of the most effective indicators of attracting tourists in such urban spaces. Among the factors influencing the safety of tourists, the physical components of the city's historical fabric are of particular importance that have received less attention. Therefore, attention to the physical structure in such spaces can greatly affect the sense of security and attraction of tourists, so the purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting security in historical contexts in Yazd. With its historical tourist attractions, the city attracts a large number of tourists every year. The present study is analytical in terms of practical purpose and in terms of nature and method - descriptive using questionnaire tools. The statistical population of the study consists of all tourists, the number of sample size was calculated using the access method of 384 people. The validity of the questionnaire questions was confirmed by professors and experts in the field of urban tourism, and its reliability was calculated using Cronbach's alpha test of 0.748. SPSS software was used to analyze the data from survey studies. According to the research results, all physical components (quality of passages, furniture and vegetation, texture and readability of texture, user and physical diversity) affect the security of tourists. Calculations showed that the variables of texture and readability of the texture with 0.328 Beta = and physical and user diversity are stronger predictors than other variables.The feeling of security of tourists in the historical spaces of the city is undeniable, so security is one of the most effective indicators of attracting tourists in such urban spaces. Among the factors influencing the safety of tourists, the physical components of the city's historical fabric are of particular importance that have received less attention. Therefore, attention to the physical structure in such spaces can greatly affect the sense of security and attraction of tourists, so the purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting security in historical contexts in Yazd. With its historical tourist attractions, the city attracts a large number of tourists every year. The present study is analytical in terms of practical purpose and in terms of nature and method - descriptive using questionnaire tools. The statistical population of the study consists of all tourists, the number of sample size was calculated using the access method of 384 people. The validity of the questionnaire questions was confirmed by professors and experts in the field of urban tourism, and its reliability was calculated using Cronbach's alpha test of 0.748. SPSS software was used to analyze the data from survey studies. According to the research results, all physical components (quality of passages, furniture and vegetation, texture and readability of texture, user and physical diversity) affect the security of tourists. Calculations showed that the variables of texture and readability of the texture with 0.328 Beta = and physical and user diversity are stronger predictors than other variables.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • security
  • tourism
  • historical context
  • yazd city
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